Stefano Elia

Associate Professor

Short Profile

Stefano Elia, Ph.D. in Management Engineering, is Associate Professor. He is “Dunning Visiting Fellow” at University of Reading, “Visiting Research Fellow” at University of Leeds and “Marie Curie Fellow” at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. He joined the “Offshoring Research Network”, the European project “POREEN on Partnering Opportunities between Europe and China” and the European COST Action “The Emergence of Southern Multinationals and their impact on Europe”. He published in several international journals including Journal of International Business Studies, Economic Geography, Journal of Economic Geography, Journal of World Business, Journal of Business Research, Gl ...

Education

PHD: Economics and Industrial Engineering SIPD , Inter-Polytechnic Ph.D. School Politecnico di Milano Torino and Bari.
Master of Science: Economics, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Economics Statistics and Social science, Bocconi University .

Research

His main research interests deal with: multinational firms from emerging countries, offshoring, global sourcing and global value chain, location and relocation choices of multinational companies, micro-foundation of international business, performance implication of foreign direct investments, international licenses and alliances.

Research Lines:
New Dynamics and Impact of Globalization
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P Barbieri, A Boffelli, S Elia, L Fratocchi, M Kalchschmidt, "How does Industry 4.0 affect international exposure? The interplay between firm innovation and home-country policies in post-offshoring relocation decisions", International Business Review 31 (4), 101992, 2022

F De Beule, S Elia, J Garcia-Bernardo, EM Heemskerk, A Jaklič, ..., "Proximity at a distance: The relationship between foreign subsidiary co-location and MNC headquarters board interlock formation", International Business Review 31 (4), 101971, 2022

A Boffelli, P Barbieri, S Elia, L Fratocchi, M Kalchschmidt, D Sirtori, ..., "Please dont go! Understanding the host-country factors affecting relocation choices to minimize job losses", Research Handbook on Foreign Exit, Relocation and Re-entry, 235-258, 2022

S Elia, MM Larsen, L Piscitello, "Choosing misaligned governance modes when offshoring business functions: A prospect theory perspective", Global Strategy Journal, 2022

S Bos, S Ricciardi, EJ Caruana, NAA Öztürk, D Magouliotis, C Pompili, ..., "ERS International Congress 2021: highlights from the Thoracic Surgery and Lung Transplantation Assembly", ERJ Open Research 8 (2), 2022

R Taje, S Elia, B Cristino, F Tacconi, G Natali, V Ambrogi, E Pompeo, "Thoracic surgery in the COVID-19 era: an Italian university hospital experience", The Cardiothoracic Surgeon 29 (1), 1-7, 2021

S Elia, P Greve, T Vallone, D Castellani, "The micro-foundations of industrial diversification through foreign acquisitions: the multifaceted role of CEO experience", Long Range Planning 54 (6), 102104, 2021

S Elia, L Fratocchi, P Barbieri, A Boffellid, M Kalchschmidt, "Post-pandemic reconfiguration from global to domestic and regional value chains: the role of industrial policies"

S Elia, M Giuffrida, MM Mariani, S Bresciani, "Resources and digital export: An RBV perspective on the role of digital technologies and capabilities in cross-border e-commerce", Journal of Business Research 132, 158-169, 2021

S Elia, L Piscitello, A Goerzen, A Valentino, "Post-offshoring scenarios: a behavioral approach to the decision-making process", European International Business Academy (EIBA), 1-48, 2021

S Elia, T Vallone, P Greve, "How the Top Management Team’s Composition Influences the Foreign Establishment Mode Choice Deviation of UK Manufacturing Firms", Academy of International Business, 1-40, 2021

S Elia, T Vallone, P Greve, "One for Me, One for You: International Complexity and the Demand for Generalists and Specialists in Executive Selection", Academy of International Business, 1-45, 2021

S Elia, M Barbaglia, V Buttice, R Bianchini, "De-internationalization or re-internationalization? The role of environmental sustainability at firm and country-level", Associazione Italiana di Ingegneria Gestionale (AIIG), 1-33, 2021

S Elia, L Piscitello, G Hoxha, "Corporate controversies and corporate financial performance–exploring the ambiguous moderating role of sustainable supply chain management practices (SSCM) in emerging vs â€¦", European International Business Academy (EIBA), 1-36, 2021

A Boffelli, P Barbieri, S Elia, L Fratocchi, MGM Kalchschmidt, "Dalle catene del valore globali a quelle locali. Il covid riconfigura le filiere produttive"

S Elia, L Fratocchi, P Barbieri, A Boffellid, M Kalchschmidt, "Post-pandemic Reconfiguration from Global to Domestic and Regional Value Chains: The Role of Industrial Policies (preprint)"

P Barbieri, A Boffelli, S Elia, L Fratocchi, M Kalchschmidt, "15 COVID-19 and Global Value Chains", Covid-19 and International Business: Change of Era, 2020

P Barbieri, A Boffelli, S Elia, L Fratocchi, M Kalchschmidt, "COVID-19 and Global Value Chains: Reconfiguration of Activities across Borders", COVID-19 and International Business, 169-179, 2020

S Elia, M Kafouros, PJ Buckley, "The role of internationalization in enhancing the innovation performance of Chinese EMNEs: A geographic relational approach", Journal of International Management 26 (4), 100801, 2020

P Barbieri, A Boffelli, S Elia, L Fratocchi, M Kalchschmidt, D Samson, "What can we learn about reshoring after Covid-19?", Operations Management Research 13 (3), 131-136, 2020

S Elia, S Munjal, VG Scalera, "Sourcing technological knowledge through foreign inward licensing to boost the performance of indian firms: The contingent effects of internal R&D and business group affiliation", Management International Review 60 (5), 695-721, 2020

I Alon, S Elia, S Li, "Greenfield or M&A? An institutional and learning perspective on the establishment mode choice of Chinese outward investments", Journal of International Management 26 (3), 100758, 2020

S Elia, G D’Angelo, F Palmieri, R Sorge, R Massoud, C Cortese, ..., "A machine learning evolutionary algorithm-based formula to assess tumor markers and predict lung cancer in cytologically negative pleural effusions", Soft Computing 24 (10), 7281-7293, 2020

P Barbieri, A Boffelli, S Elia, L Fratocchi, MGM Kalchschmidt, "Please don’t go: contrasting the reshoring of foreign investments through country-specific factors to preserve the national workforce"

PJ Buckley, K Mario, S Elia, "The role of internationalization in enhancing the innovation performance of Chinese EMNEs: A geographic relational approach"

S Elia, S Munjal, VG Scalera, "Sourcing foreign technological knowledge through inward licensing to boost the performance of Indian emerging market firms: The contingent effects of internal R&D and business â€¦", Management International Review, 2020

S Elia, S Munjal, PJ Buckley, ST Cavusgil, "What is Still Emerging About EMNEs? Setting the Agenda for Future Research", Journal of Business Research, 2020

T Vallone, S Elia, P Greve, L Longoni, D Marinelli, "Top management team influence on firms’ internationalization complexity", International Business in a VUCA World: The Changing Role of States and Firms, 2019

S Elia, MM Larsen, L Piscitello, "Entry mode deviation: A behavioral approach to internalization theory", Journal of International Business Studies 50 (8), 1359-1371, 2019

S Elia, S Massini, R Narula, "Disintegration, modularity and entry mode choice: Mirroring technical and organizational architectures in business functions offshoring", Journal of Business Research 103, 417-431, 2019

F Albertoni, S Elia, L Piscitello, "Inertial vs. mindful repetition of previous entry mode choices: Do firms always learn from experience?", Journal of Business Research 103, 530-546, 2019

S Elia, AM Petruzzelli, L Piscitello, "The impact of cultural diversity on innovation performance of MNC subsidiaries in strategic alliances", Journal of Business Research 98, 204-213, 2019

P Barbieri, S Elia, L Fratocchi, R Golini, "Relocation of second degree: Moving towards a new place or returning home?", Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 2019

S Elia, P Barbieri, L Fratocchi, G Dima, "The location advantages of efficiency-seeking firms in the era of Industry 4.0: a study on the relocations of second degree", Academy of International Business, 1-43, 2019

L Grilli, S Elia, "Do foreign studying and working experiences impact the international vocation of entrepreneurs?", The 7th Reading-UNCTAD International Business Conference, 1-35, 2019

S Elia, L Fratocchi, P Barbieri, G Dima, "RSDs of efficiency-seeking firms: The role of industy 4.0 technology intensity and policies", SIE, 1-29, 2019

S Elia, M Giuffrida, L Piscitello, "Barriers to the adoption of cross border e-commerce by SMEs: Evidence from Italian Fashion and Food Industries", ISME 2019, 1-18, 2019

S Elia, I Alon, S Li, "Chinese Greenfield Investments: An Institutional and Learning Perspective", Academy of International Business, 1-37, 2019

S Elia, A Goertzen, L Piscitello, A Valentino, "The Effects of Offshoring Performances on the PostOffshoring Strategic Choices of MNCs: An Exploratory Study", Academy of International Business, 1-20, 2019

S Elia, L Fratocchi, P Barbieri, R Golini, "Relocation of second degree: Moving towards a new place or returning home?"

S Elia, PJ Buckley, M Kafouros, "The Role of Internationalization in Enhancing the Innovation Performance of Emerging Country Firms", Academy of International Business, 1-31, 2019

S Elia, L Piscitello, M Giuffrida, "E-commerce & SMEs’ Internationalisation: The Usual “Liability of” Story?"

S Elia, P Barbieri, L Fratocchi, G Dima, "RELOCATIONS OF SECOND DEGREE OF EFFICIENCY-SEEKING FIRMS: THE ROLE OF INDUSTRY 4.0 TECHNOLOGY INTENSITY AND POLICIES", ITSG, 1-30, 2019

S Elia, M Giuffrida, L Piscitello, "Does e-commerce facilitate or complicate SMEs’ internationalisation?"

S Elia, PJ Buckley, M Kafouros, "Acquisitions by emerging multinationals: Implications for firm performance", Elgar, 2018

S Elia, L Piscitello, MM Larsen, "Entry mode deviation from internalization theory predictions", European International Business Academy, 1-34, 2018

P Greve, T Vallone, S Elia, "The microfoundations of industrial diversification through M&As: an empirical analysis of UK firms", Academy of International Business, 1-33, 2018

S Elia, P Barbieri, L Fratocchi, G Dima, "Should I Stay (Abroad, but in Another Country) or Should I Go (Back Home)? A Study on the Intra-EU Relocations of Second Degree in the Manufacturing Industries", Academy of International Business, 1-23, 2018

S Elia, GD Santangelo, "The evolution of strategic asset-seeking acquisitions by emerging market multinationals", International Business Review 26 (5), 855-866, 2017

F Albertoni, S Elia, S Massini, L Piscitello, "The reshoring of business services: Reaction to failure or persistent strategy?", Journal of World Business 52 (3), 417-430, 2017

A Ascani, L Gagliardi, L Piscitello, S Elia, "Heterogeneous spillover effects from MNE investments: Domestic learning capacity and technological opportunities"

S Elia, P Barbieri, L Fratocchi, R Golini, "The drivers of the relocations of second degree involving manufacturing activities: a focus on European Union", EIBA (Euroepan Internatiional Business Academy), 1-23, 2017

I Alon, S Elia, S Li, "Demystifying Chinese investment modes of entry: effects of governance environment and learning", EIBA (Euroepan International business Academy), 1-30, 2017

S Elia, M Larsen, L Piscitello, "Comply or not to comply with theory? How experience shapes entry mode misalignment"

F Albertoni, S Elia, S Massini, L Piscitello, "The reshoring of business services: reaction to failure or coherent strategy?"

S Elia, L Grilli, "Go abroad or remain small: do foreign studying and working experiences impact the international vocation of entrepreneurs?", EIBA (European International Business Academy), 1-28, 2017

S Elia, L Piscitello, "International Business in the information age", EIBA, 2017

S Elia, G Santangelo, "The evolution of strategic asset-seeking acquisitions by emerging multinationals"

M Zdziarski, EM Heemskerk, J Garcia-Bernardo, F De Beule, A Jaklič, ..., "The power of proximity at a distance: the role of interlocking directorates in reducing the liability of outsidership", EIBA (European International Business Academy), 1-36, 2017

F Albertoni, S Elia, S Massini, L Piscitello, "Relocation of offshore business services: recovering from failure or persisting with the original strategy?"

S Elia, P Greve, D Castellani, T Vallone, "The microfoundations of industrial diversification through foreign acquisitions: An empirical analysis of UK firms", EIBA (European International Business Academy), 1-34, 2017

F De Beule, M Zdziarski, E Heemskerk, J Garcia-Bernardo, A Jaklič, S Elia, ..., "The power of proximity at a distance: The role of interlocking directorates in reducing the liability of outsidership"

F Albertoni, S Elia, L Piscitello, "Complementing the reshoring of manufacturing activities: the relocation of business functions", Reshoring of Manufacturing, 57-75, 2017

S Elia, L Piscitello, VG Scalera, "Collaborative innovation within Chinese MNCs’ international networks: the role of cultural and institutional distances", Emerging Market Multinationals in Europe, 190-202, 2016

S Elia, S Munjal, VG Scalera, "Technology sourcing through licensing-in foreign technologies: Benefits for emerging market firms", Academy of Management Proceedings 2016 (1), 17514, 2016

L Piscitello, L Fratocchi, S Elia, F Albertoni, "Returning from Offshore: What Do We Know?", AIB Insights 15 (4), 9-12, 2015

F Caniato, S Elia, D Luzzini, L Piscitello, S Ronchi, "Location drivers, governance model and performance in service offshoring", International Journal of Production Economics 163, 189-199, 2015

S ELIA, L SANTURRO, AV GRANAI, G PETRELLA, P ROSSI, "Hospital of Tor Vergata, Rome", CHIRURGIA 28, 221-6, 2015

M Battistin, S Elia, "Energy consumption evaluation for sports centers: A method based on optimization classes and qualitative dashboards"

S Elia, M Silvia, N Rajneesh, "Business Groups and Foreign Licenses: Performance in Emerging Markets", 41st European International Business Academy (EIBA) conference, 1-20, 2015

F Albertoni, S Elia, L Fratocchi, L Piscitello, "Returning from offshore: what do we know?"

PJ Buckley, S Elia, M Kafouros, "Acquisitions by emerging market multinationals: Implications for firm performance", Journal of World Business 49 (4), 611-632, 2014

S Elia, F Caniato, D Luzzini, L Piscitello, "Governance choice in global sourcing of services: The impact on service quality and cost saving performance", Global Strategy Journal 4 (3), 181-199, 2014

F De Beule, S Elia, L Piscitello, "Entry and access to competencies abroad: Emerging market firms versus advanced market firms", Journal of International Management 20 (2), 137-152, 2014

S Mariotti, L Piscitello, S Elia, "Local externalities and ownership choices in foreign acquisitions by multinational enterprises", Economic Geography 90 (2), 187-211, 2014

F Albertoni, S Elia, "Rischio e strategia nel Global-Sourcing", La gestione dei ‘Fornitori Dominanti’, 87-89, 2014

F Alonso, C Bakir, L Brennan, C Cunha, E Czakó, F De Beule, S Elia, ..., "Policy Brief: Emerging Market Multinationals: Opportunity or Threat for Europe?"

F Albertoni, S Elia, "The global sourcing of business services: Evidence from the offshoring research network survey"

L Rabbiosi, S Elia, F Bertoni, "Acquisitions by EMNCs in developed markets", Management International Review 52 (2), 193-212, 2012

R Larissa, S Elia, FS Bertoni, "Acquisitions by EMNCs in Developed Markets: An Organisational Learning Perspective"

S Elia, L Piscitello, F De Beule, "Acquisitions of companies and acquisitions of knowledge: Do emerging and advanced multinational companies strategic behaviors differ"

F De Beule, S Elia, L Piscitello, "Asset seeking investments and institutional distance: a comparison between emerging and advanced country firms", 2012 AIB Southeast USA Conference, 1-20, 2012

FFA Caniato, S Elia, DGM Luzzini, L Piscitello, S Ronchi, "Location drivers as antecedents of offshoring performance the moderating effect of the governance model"

F De Beule, S Elia, L Piscitello, "Acquisition of companies and acquisition of knowledge: do emerging and advanced multinational companies strategic behaviors differ?", 38th Annual Conference of the European International Business Academy, 1-20, 2012

F De Beule, S Elia, L Piscitello, "Ownership strategy, asset seeking investments and institutional distance: A comparison between emerging and advanced country firms", Institutions and emerging markets, 87-88, 2012

S Elia, E Maggi, I Mariotti, "Does the transport industry gain from manufacturing internationalization? An empirical investigation on the Italian regions"

PJ Buckley, S Elia, M Kafouros, "Osservatorio sull’internazionalizzazione delle imprese", Economia e Politica Industriale 38 (1), 181-197, 2011

M Kafouros, PJ Buckley, S Elia, "FDI from emerging to advanced countries: some insights on the acquisition strategies and on the performance of target firms"

S Mariotti, L Piscitello, S Elia, "Spatial agglomeration of multinational enterprises: the role of information externalities and knowledge spillovers", Journal of Economic Geography 10 (4), 519-538, 2010

S Elia, L Piscitello, S Mariotti, "L'agglomerazione delle imprese multinazionali: determinanti e implicazioni di politica industriale", L'agglomerazione delle imprese multinazionali, 1000-1030, 2010

PJ Buckley, S Elia, M Kafouros, "Acquisitions from emerging countries: what factors influence the performance of target firms in advanced countries?", European Journal of International Management 4 (1-2), 30-47, 2010

S Elia, I Mariotti, L Piscitello, "The impact of outward FDI on the home country's labour demand and skill composition", International Business Review 18 (4), 357-372, 2009

S Elia, E Maggi, I Mariotti, "Gli effetti dell’internazionalizzazione produttiva sulla domanda di lavoratori delle imprese logistiche nelle regioni italiane"

F Bertoni, S Elia, L Rabbiosi, "Drivers of acquisitions from BRICs to advanced countries: firm-level evidence", DIG-Politecnico di Milano Working Paper, 2008

E Stefano, M Ilaria, P Lucia, "The impact of outward FDI on the labour demand in Italy", L'industria, 433-460, 2008

S Elia, I Mariotti, L Piscitello, "Outward investment and skill upgrading. Evidence from the Italian case", FRANCO ANGELI, 2008

S Elia, I Mariotti, L Piscitello, "Gli effetti dell'investimento diretto all'estero sulla domanda di lavoro in Italia", L'industria 29 (3), 433-460, 2008

S Elia, S Mariotti, "The agglomeration of foreign-owned plants in Italy", ECONOMIA E POLITICA INDUSTRIALE 34 (3), 173, 2007

S Elia, "Do Western European FDI substitute for trade towards Eastern Europe?", Annual Conference of the European International Business Association 2007, 1-32, 2007

S Elia, A Goerzen, L Piscitello, A Valentino, "Re‐evaluating the offshoring decision: A behavioral approach to the role of performance discrepancy", Journal of Management Studies, 0

S Elia, E Maggi, I Mariotti, "ECONOMICS & STATISTICS DISCUSSION PAPER No. 52/09"

Grants, Awards, and Honours

  • Gianluca Spina Award 2017 for teaching excellence and innovation
  • Best reviewer, AIB 2018 (Academy of International Business)
  • Best paper of the track, AIB 2017 (Academy of International Business)
  • Best paper of the track, AIB 2015 (Academy of International Business)
  • Best paper of the conference, AIB UKI 2014 (Academy of International Business)
  • Best professor, X-Culture challenge 2019